Holland, also referred to as The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east. The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated and geographically low-lying countries in the world and is well known for its windmills, clogs, dikes, tulips and bicycles.
Amsterdam is the capital city, but The Hague is the Netherlands' seat of government, the home of the monarch and the location of most foreign embassies.
A remarkable aspect of the Netherlands is the flatness of the country, ideal for cycling. About half of its surface area is less than 1 metre (3.3 ft) above sea level, and large parts of it are actually below sea level and an extensive range of dykes and dunes protects these areas from flooding.