Everest High Passes

...we shouldn't finish without mentioning admiration for the endlessly busy Mr Lama. He like all World Expeditions staff we met, was very charming and knowledgable, this characteristic seems to be a requirement for employment with the company

anon. | Kentucky, USA
 

Myanmar Burma

Myanmar Burma

Myanmar (Burma)

Also known as Burma, Myanmar is a South East Asian nation bound by Tibet in the north, by Laos, China and Thailand in the east, on the south by the Bay of Bengal and to the west by India and Bangladesh. The Irrawaddy River is the country's most dominant natural feature as well as a string of mountains in the north which rise as high as 5967 metres, with Hkakabo Razi being the highest peak in South East Asia.

Myanmar has a distinct culture with influences from its diverse ethnic make-up, Buddhism, British colonialism and being a key historical trade route between China, Southeast Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. Much of its indigenous culture is still evidenced today with its ethnic minorities and hill tribes, particularly in the remote mountainous regions lining its international borders. The country's name has progressed from Burma, which is linked to just one of the ethnic groups, to Myanmar to satisfy and all encompassing title. There are 135 different ethnic groups that make up the population. Buddhism strongly influences daily life and this is demonstrated by the number of pagodas and monasteries strewn throughout the country. The people are known for their friendliness and hospitality. The language spoken is predominantly Myanmar (Bamar) while ethnic minorities speak Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Shan and another 135 hill-tribe dialects. Being once a British colony English is also widely spoken.

Myanmar's history began with three empires but during the 3rd empire was unified into one. The three great kings who ruled the original empires are well-known in Myanmar history for their bravery and leadership. In 1885, King Thibaw, Queen Supaya Latt and the royal family were taken to Ratanagiri in India and Myanmar fell under the British Rule.  The country remained under the British Rule until 1948. The military has dominated government since General Ne Win led a coup in 1962 which toppled the civilian government to form a socialist structure. From the beginning the people were against the military rule. In 1990, the government held free elections which were won by Aung San Suu Kyi and her party The National League for Democracy, yet the ruling party refused to step down. Her struggle has continued for over a decade leading to long periods of house arrest, but in November 2010 Aung San Suu Kyi was released and spoke out about the importance of tourism to the country's future.


Featured Adventures

Best of Myanmar

A journey into the heart of one of the most enigmatic destinations in Southeast Asia
10 days |

Bike, Hike and Kayak Myanmar

As you paddle, cycle and trek around Myanmar you will gain a fascinating insight into one of the world's most enigmatic destinations
13 days |

Cruise Myanmar's Ancient Heartland

A luxury cruise to the heart of Burmese culture - Mandalay to Yangon
11 days |

Cycle Myanmar

Explore the rich cultural diversity of Myanmar by bike
11 days |
Reviews 1

Irrawaddy River Cruise

A luxury cruise on the Irrawaddy River from Yangon to Mandalay
15 days |

Myanmar Adventure

Discover Myanmar on this incredible cultural journey
12 days |
Reviews 3

Myanmar Explorer

Explore the cultural richness of Myanmar on this comprehensive journey
13 days |

Myanmar Family Adventure

A fun-filled family adventure to discover the cultural pulse of Myanmar
9 days |

Yangon and the Golden Rock

Discover the charm and unique character of this former colonial capital with a hike to one of Myanmar's main pilgrimage sites, the Golden Rock
3 days |

YOMADS Myanmar Hike and Bike

Uncover an authentic side of Burma on this unique itinerary laced with trekking and cycling with Yomads - unique travel experiences for the 20s and 30s
 
12 days |
Introductory | Day Walking | Cycling
viewing 1 - 10 of 10 available

The Weather in Myanmar Burma

Most of Myanmar lies with the Tropic Zone. The hot season extends from March until October, and the cool season, from November through to February. Temperatures during these seasons range from 17° to 40° C (62° to 104° F) in lower Myanmar. Temperatures in upper Myanmar are usually less and mountainous regions can at times be cold. The country receives pratically all its yearly rainfall between mid-May and October, the period of the Southwest Monsoon.

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