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The Sultanate of Oman is a coastal plain at the southeast tip of the Arabian peninsula lying on the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Oman's diverse geography includes rugged coasts, placid beaches, craggy mountains, salt flats, oases and deserts.
Oman is roughly the same size as England and lies on the north-eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula bordering the United Arab Emirates in the north, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the west and Republic of Yemen in the south-west.
The northern part of the country is dominated by the mountain range Jebel Akhdar which includes the 3000m Jebel Shams. The north-eastern slopes of these mountains form a fertile plain, the Batinah, along the Gulf of Oman. This is where most of Oman’s estimated 1.5 million people live and where Muscat is located.
“Since leaving Arabia, I have travelled among the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush, the mountains of Kurdistan and the marshes of Iraq. I have seen some of the most magnificent scenery in the world and have lived among tribes who are interesting and little known. None of these places has moved me as did the deserts of Arabia. Those 5 years I spent with the Bedouin were the most important of my life.” Postscript by Wilfred Thesiger in Arabian Sands.